Films and Video
Google Earth Files
Forest News

Inside the Amazon rainforest:

The region's rainforest is spread across the Amazon River Basin (approx. 6.7 million km2), a vast natural tropical area more than half of which is located in Brazil. The basin also covers parts of Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Guyana.

A considerable number of the world's plants and animals live in the Amazon, most of which remain undiscovered by scientists. Amazon wildlife shares this huge space with some 30 million people, including more than 220 indigenous groups in the Brazilian Amazon, 40 in Peru and 10 in Ecuador. In Venezuela, some 17 indigenous languages are spoken in the Amazon part of the country. This number is dwarfed by the Bolivian and Colombian Amazon, where 33 and 52 indigenous languages respectively are in use.

Tropical Deforestation:

The organic material and nutrients in a tropical rainforest are found in the vegetation itself, not in the soil. This eroded hillside along a river in Amazonia shows the infertile soil typical of tropical environments (pinkish-tan) topped by a very thin layer of fertile soil and forest detritus (brown):

The Amazon accounts for more than half of the world's rainforest. No other ecosystem on Earth is home to so many species nor exerts such control on the carbon cycle. For years the Amazon forest acted as a vast carbon sink that absorbed one fifth of global fossil fuel emissions. But in 2005 this process was reversed.

Between May 2000 and August 2006, Brazil lost nearly 150,000 square kilometers (58,000 square miles) of forest and since 1970, over 600,000 sq km (232,000 sq mi) of Amazon rainforest have been destroyed.Deforestation in the Amazon

24 times more area than the crater associated with dinosaur extinction.

Films and Video

NOSSA TERRA: OUR LANDKA'APOR INDIAN DOCUMENTARY—An exclusive look inside the word of Kaapor People of Brazil as they struggle to keep their land and their culture. Includes a tour of the forest and how they hunt, find water, and use the forest for their survival.

From the Heart of the WorldThe Elder Brothers' Warning—This is the last civilization of pre-Columbian America that vanished 400 years ago. It did not die - it went into hiding. For centries the Kogi have watched us from their mountain fastness. This film is their message, and their warning... (Also see ALUNA)

THE SECRET OF EL DORADO: Terra preta—This is the story of how archaeologists have uncovered the lost civilisation behind the myth of El Dorado, but this was not a kingdom of gold. The secret of the real El Dorado was something far more valuable, something with the power to transform our world.

A Message from Pandora
A special feature produced by James Cameron about the battle to stop the Belo Monte Dam on the Xingu, one of the great tributaries of the Amazon River.

Amazon: In the hands of a few
Farmers and politicians of the Brazilian municipality of Juína (Mato Grosso state, Map) hinder Greenpeace activists, OPAN (Native Amazon Operation) members and European journalists' visit to the Enawene Nawe Indigenous Land.

"Respect the forest as another human being on this planet."
Chief Almir Surui

Google Earth Files


Forest News

Amazon Biodiversity

  • No longer 'deaf as a stump': researchers find turtles chirp, click, meow, cluck
  • Scientists: Neotropical otter should not be considered threatened
  • Camera trap captures first ever video of rarely-seen bird in the Amazon...and much more
  • After throwing out referendum, Ecuador approves oil drilling in Yasuni's embattled heart
  • Of jaguars and loggers: new film to showcase one of the least-known regions in the deep Amazon
  • Oil or rainforest: new website highlights the plight of Yasuni National Park
  • Scientist discovers a plethora of new praying mantises (pictures)
  • Several Amazonian tree frog species discovered, where only two existed before
  • Amazon trees super-diverse in chemicals
  • New $20,000 reporting grant explores benefits of Amazonian protected areas
  • Featured video: camera traps catch jaguars, anteaters, and a sloth eating clay in the Amazon rainforest
  • High-living frogs hurt by remote oil roads in the Amazon
  • Top 10 HAPPY environmental stories of 2013
  • Scientists make one of the biggest animal discoveries of the century - a new tapir
  • Could camera trap videos galvanize the world to protect Yasuni from oil drilling?
  • Scientist splits Amazonian giants into separate species
  • Featured video: 22-year-old produces documentary on the Peruvian Amazon
  • Over 100 scientists warn Ecuadorian Congress against oil development in Yasuni
  • Amazon Logging

  • Next big idea in forest conservation? Quantifying the cost of forest degradation
  • Mother of God: meet the 26 year old Indiana Jones of the Amazon, Paul Rosolie
  • Brazil begins evicting illegal settlers from hugely-imperiled indigenous reserve
  • Brazil's military takes on illegal loggers to protect nearly-extinct tribe
  • Amazonian students help monitor threatened frog populations
  • Featured video: Earth Day message from indigenous tribes in the Peruvian Amazon
  • Illegally logged trees to start calling for help
  • Forests, farming, and sprawl: the struggle over land in an Amazonian metropolis
  • Evidence of 'isolated' indigenous people found in Peru where priest is pushing highway
  • Experts: sustainable logging in rainforests impossible
  • Over 700 people killed defending forest and land rights in past ten years
  • U.S. car manufacturers linked to Amazon destruction, slave labor
  • Can loggers be conservationists?
  • Featured video: How to save the Amazon
  • U.S. gobbling illegal wood from Peru's Amazon rainforest
  • Climate change could increase fires, logging, and hunting in rainforests
  • Tourism for biodiversity in Tambopata
  • Photo of the Day: Critically Endangered brown spider monkey discovered in park
  • Amazon People

  • Brazil releases video showing first contact with rainforest tribe
  • Phone-based logging alert system eyes expanding to the Amazon
  • A garden or a wilderness? One-fifth of the Amazon may have been savannah before the arrival of Europ...
  • Using Google Earth to protect uncontacted tribes in the Amazon rainforest
  • 53 indigenous activists on trial for police-protester massacre in Peru
  • New report reveals human rights abuses by corporations, governments in the Amazon
  • Stolen information may derail Yasuni drilling referendum
  • Small monkeys take over when big primates have been hunted out in the Amazon
  • Ecuador will have referendum on fate of Yasuni after activists collect over 700,000 signatures
  • Featured video: celebrities speak out for Yasuni
  • Helping the Amazon's 'Jaguar People' protect their culture and traditional wisdom
  • Gas company to drill in Manu National Park buffer zone, imperiling indigenous people
  • Indigenous groups win right to pursue Chevron assets in Canada in Amazon pollution case
  • Ecuador's government shuts down indigenous rights organization over oil battle
  • Flawed from inception? Ecuador’s Yasuní-ITT initiative threatened indigenous groups wit...
  • Rebranded as the Rainforest Trust, green group launches push to protect 6M acres of Amazon rainforest
  • Amazon rainforest tribe sells REDD+ credits to Brazilian cosmetics giant
  • Isolated Amazonian tribe makes another appearance in Peru (video)
  • Amazon River

  • Peruvian oil spill sparks concern in indigenous rainforest community
  • Oil drilling causes widespread contamination in the Amazon rainforest
  • Uncovering the impact of big banks on the Amazon
  • New dolphin discovered in the Amazon surprises scientists
  • Rainforest news review for 2013
  • Gold mine near controversial Belo Monte dam suspended
  • Belo Monte dam suspended
  • Judge halts construction of Amazon dam on Brazil's Teles Pires river
  • Indigenous peoples resume occupation of Brazil's Belo Monte dam site
  • Forgotten species: the arapaima or 'dinosaur fish'
  • Stand up paddleboarding in the Amazon for conservation
  • Mystery of Amazon River carbon emissions solved
  • Amazon's flood/drought cycle becoming more extreme, less predictable
  • Deforestation will undercut effectiveness of rainforest dams
  • Tribesmen launch 'occupy' protest at dam site in the Amazon rainforest
  • Scientists describe new species of see-through fish from the Amazon
  • Tribe rejects payment from electricity company behind destructive Amazon dam
  • Brazilian agency rejects Canadian company's bid to mine controversial Amazon dam site for gold
  • Amazon Watch News

  • Finally! A Candid Exposé of Chevron's Dirty Tricks
  • Sludge Match: Inside Chevron's $9 Billion Legal Battle with Ecuadorian Villagers
  • Large Dams Just Aren't Worth the Cost
  • Belo Monte's Delay Challenges Accountability in the Amazon
  • Hydroelectric Power Damaging World Rivers, Study Shows
  • To Fight Climate Change We Need to Protect the People Who Live in the Rainforest
  • Brazil's Indigenous Tribes: The Low Cost Solution to Climate Change?
  • Ethics Tribunal: Ecuador Violated Rights
  • A Brave Call from the "Dalai Lama of the Amazon"
  • Amazon Tribe Fights Brazil Dam Project
  • Minister Tapia: Thank You for Investigating Petroamazonas – Now Stop Them from Destroying the ...
  • Brazil: Gunmen Threaten to Assassinate Leading Amazon Shaman
  • Open Letter to Petroamazonas from Yasunidos
  • Expelled from Ecuador: One Solar Visionary's Story
  • Supporting Community-Led Environmental Monitoring in the Wake of an Oil Spill
  • A Lifetime of Injustice: 30 Years in the History of the Belo Monte Dam
  • Human Rights Organizations File Amicus Brief Opposing Chevron RICO Decision
  • A Lifetime of Injustice: The History of the Belo Monte Dam
  • Amazon Watch Video

  • Donny Rico Episode #3: Legal Tender (Chevron legal "thuggery against Ecuadorians)
  • Thank you from Aura Tegria
  • Donny Rico Episode #2: Who's Bribin' Who? (in Chevron's "case" against Ecuador...
  • Día Internacional Anti Chevron
  • Colombia's U'wa Indigenous People Call for International Solidarity
  • Thank you Metallica
  • A Message from the U'wa of Colombia
  • Klamazon
  • ¡Yasuní Depende de Ti!
  • Vozes do Xingu - Antônia Melo
  • Voices of Xingu - Antônia Melo da Silva
  • Donny Rico & Chevron make it a crime to defend the environment.
  • Press Conference on Yasuní National Park with Alberto Acosta and Vandana Shiva
  • Vozes do Xingu - Xikrin-Kayapó
  • Voices of Xingu - Xikrin-Kayapó
  • Jose Luis Santos interview
  • Pablo Fajardo's message to Richmond Residents
  • Maria Reascos, victim of Chevron contamination, on being sued by the oil giant
  • Rainforest Action Network

  • Contested KLK Palm Oil Leases Declared Illegal by Papua New Guinea Court
  • Global Day of Action Targets Conflict Palm Oil; Activists Say PepsiCo’s New Commitment ‘...
  • Report Finds Sector-Wide Shift as Publishing Industry Embraces Social and Environmental Responsibility
  • Shareholders Press Bank of America for Coal and Climate Finance
  • RAN Welcomes APP’s Commitment to Restore One Million Hectares of Rainforest
  • PepsiCo Focus of Major New Palm Oil Campaign by Rainforest Action Network, Union of Concerned Scient...
  • Report Finds Top Banks Moving Away From Coal: Citigroup and Barclays seen as laggard
  • Cargill Announces Intent to Strengthen its Palm Oil Policy
  • Report: Child Labor, Land Grabbing and Deforestation Rampant Across Palm Oil Giant KLK’s Opera...
  • The Prince's Rainforests Project

  • Agricultural private sector meeting at the Royal Society to present the outcomes of regional workshops
  • Private sector proposes alternatives to agricultural expansion into forests
  • Agreement on rainforest financing – An emergency package is created!
  • HRH The Prince of Wales Addresses Oslo Climate and Forest Conference
  • International Conference on the Major Forest Basins
  • Forest outcomes from Copenhagen
  • The Prince of Wales addresses the Copenhagen Climate Conference
  • The Prince of Wales hails a significant step forward in finding a solution to deforestation
  • Second Life Rainforest Concert
  • Frogs go out on the town!

  • "Those who refused to sell found themselves encircled by an encroaching wasteland, as whining chain saws and raging fires consumed the trees right up to the edge of their land. Their yards were overrun with vipers, bees, and rodents escaping the apocalypse, and when tractors began spraying the cleared fields, toxic clouds of pesticides drifted into their homes..."

    Last of the Amazon
    During the past 40 years, close to 20 percent of the Amazon rain forest has been cut down—more than in all the previous 450 years since European colonization began. Scientists fear that an additional 20 percent of the trees will be lost over the next two decades. If that happens, the forest's ecology will begin to unravel.

    Human Pressure on the Brazilian Amazon Forests--KML 

    How many tree species are there in the Amazon
    and how many of them will go extinct?
    The Amazon Basin has about 50,000 described vascular plant species of which approximately half are woody. Of these, approximately half are trees. This yields an estimate of 12,500 tree species in the entire Amazon Basin. Under the non-optimistic deforestation scenario 3,656 tree species (32.6%) are predicted to go extinct...But even under the optimistic deforestation scenario, 2,228 tree species (19.9%) are predicted to go extinct.

    Brazil's National Institute of Amazonian Research suggests that the felling is both drying up the entire forest and helping to cause the hurricanes that have been battering the United States and the Caribbean. The hot, wet Amazon normally evaporates vast amounts of water, which rise high into the air as if in an invisible chimney. This draws in the wet north-East trade winds, which have picked up moisture from the Atlantic. This in turn controls the temperature of the ocean; as the trade winds pick up the moisture, the warm water that is left gets saltier and sinks.

    Deforestation disrupts the cycle by weakening the Amazonian evaporation which drives the whole process. One result is that the hot water in the Atlantic stays on the surface and fuels the hurricanes. Another is that less moisture arrives on the trade winds, intensifying drought in the forest. "We believe there is a vicious cycle" says Dr. Antonio Nobre.

    So far about a fifth of the Amazonian rainforest has been razed completely. Another 22 per cent has been harmed by logging, allowing the sun to penetrate to the forest floor drying it out. And if you add these two figures together, the total is growing perilously close to 50 per cent, which computer models predict as the "tipping point" that marks the death of the Amazon.Dying Forest

    Zero Deforestation is a Climate Imperative