Films and Video
Google Earth Files
Forest News

Inside the Amazon rainforest:

The region's rainforest is spread across the Amazon River Basin (approx. 6.7 million km2), a vast natural tropical area more than half of which is located in Brazil. The basin also covers parts of Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Guyana.

A considerable number of the world's plants and animals live in the Amazon, most of which remain undiscovered by scientists. Amazon wildlife shares this huge space with some 30 million people, including more than 220 indigenous groups in the Brazilian Amazon, 40 in Peru and 10 in Ecuador. In Venezuela, some 17 indigenous languages are spoken in the Amazon part of the country. This number is dwarfed by the Bolivian and Colombian Amazon, where 33 and 52 indigenous languages respectively are in use.

Tropical Deforestation:

The organic material and nutrients in a tropical rainforest are found in the vegetation itself, not in the soil. This eroded hillside along a river in Amazonia shows the infertile soil typical of tropical environments (pinkish-tan) topped by a very thin layer of fertile soil and forest detritus (brown):

The Amazon accounts for more than half of the world's rainforest. No other ecosystem on Earth is home to so many species nor exerts such control on the carbon cycle. For years the Amazon forest acted as a vast carbon sink that absorbed one fifth of global fossil fuel emissions. But in 2005 this process was reversed.

Between May 2000 and August 2006, Brazil lost nearly 150,000 square kilometers (58,000 square miles) of forest and since 1970, over 600,000 sq km (232,000 sq mi) of Amazon rainforest have been destroyed.Deforestation in the Amazon

24 times more area than the crater associated with dinosaur extinction.

Films and Video

NOSSA TERRA: OUR LANDKA'APOR INDIAN DOCUMENTARY—An exclusive look inside the word of Kaapor People of Brazil as they struggle to keep their land and their culture. Includes a tour of the forest and how they hunt, find water, and use the forest for their survival.

From the Heart of the WorldThe Elder Brothers' Warning—This is the last civilization of pre-Columbian America that vanished 400 years ago. It did not die - it went into hiding. For centries the Kogi have watched us from their mountain fastness. This film is their message, and their warning... (Also see ALUNA)

THE SECRET OF EL DORADO: Terra preta—This is the story of how archaeologists have uncovered the lost civilisation behind the myth of El Dorado, but this was not a kingdom of gold. The secret of the real El Dorado was something far more valuable, something with the power to transform our world.

A Message from Pandora
A special feature produced by James Cameron about the battle to stop the Belo Monte Dam on the Xingu, one of the great tributaries of the Amazon River.

Amazon: In the hands of a few
Farmers and politicians of the Brazilian municipality of Juína (Mato Grosso state, Map) hinder Greenpeace activists, OPAN (Native Amazon Operation) members and European journalists' visit to the Enawene Nawe Indigenous Land.

"Respect the forest as another human being on this planet."
Chief Almir Surui

Google Earth Files


Forest News

Amazon Biodiversity

  • Tapajós and other Amazon dams not sustainable development say reports
  • Videos reveal rare birds, wild monkeys, and jaguar family in oil-exploited park
  • Featured video: the Uncharted Amazon trailer
  • Photos: expedition to Amazon’s white sands may have found new primate
  • Photo essay: filming in the remote Amazon
  • New tapir? Scientists dispute biological discovery of the century
  • Scientists uncover five new species of 'toupee' monkeys in the Amazon
  • No longer 'deaf as a stump': researchers find turtles chirp, click, meow, cluck
  • Scientists: Neotropical otter should not be considered threatened
  • Camera trap captures first ever video of rarely-seen bird in the Amazon...and much more
  • After throwing out referendum, Ecuador approves oil drilling in Yasuni's embattled heart
  • Of jaguars and loggers: new film to showcase one of the least-known regions in the deep Amazon
  • Oil or rainforest: new website highlights the plight of Yasuni National Park
  • Scientist discovers a plethora of new praying mantises (pictures)
  • Several Amazonian tree frog species discovered, where only two existed before
  • Amazon trees super-diverse in chemicals
  • New $20,000 reporting grant explores benefits of Amazonian protected areas
  • Featured video: camera traps catch jaguars, anteaters, and a sloth eating clay in the Amazon rainforest
  • High-living frogs hurt by remote oil roads in the Amazon
  • Top 10 HAPPY environmental stories of 2013
  • Amazon Logging

  • Next big idea in forest conservation? Quantifying the cost of forest degradation
  • Mother of God: meet the 26 year old Indiana Jones of the Amazon, Paul Rosolie
  • Brazil begins evicting illegal settlers from hugely-imperiled indigenous reserve
  • Brazil's military takes on illegal loggers to protect nearly-extinct tribe
  • Amazonian students help monitor threatened frog populations
  • Featured video: Earth Day message from indigenous tribes in the Peruvian Amazon
  • Illegally logged trees to start calling for help
  • Forests, farming, and sprawl: the struggle over land in an Amazonian metropolis
  • Evidence of 'isolated' indigenous people found in Peru where priest is pushing highway
  • Experts: sustainable logging in rainforests impossible
  • Over 700 people killed defending forest and land rights in past ten years
  • U.S. car manufacturers linked to Amazon destruction, slave labor
  • Can loggers be conservationists?
  • Featured video: How to save the Amazon
  • U.S. gobbling illegal wood from Peru's Amazon rainforest
  • Climate change could increase fires, logging, and hunting in rainforests
  • Tourism for biodiversity in Tambopata
  • Photo of the Day: Critically Endangered brown spider monkey discovered in park
  • Peruvian smugglers traffic illegal rainforest timber from Brazil to America
  • Killing in the name of deforestation: Amazon activist and wife assassinated
  • Amazon People

  • Amazon tribe creates 500-page traditional medicine encyclopedia
  • Satellite images provide new view of uncontacted Amazonian communities
  • Partnering for conservation benefits Tacana people, Bolivian park
  • Brazilian indigenous populations grow quickly after first contact devastation
  • Drones to scan the Amazon rainforest for hidden civilizations
  • How do parks affect the poor? Jury’s still out, some experts say
  • Innovating Brazil nuts: a business with roots in the rainforest
  • Video: innovative tourism helps protect forests in Amazonian Peru
  • Mercury fish: gold mining puts downstream communities at risk in Peru
  • Community tourism fills niche around Tambopata National Reserve
  • Environmental wisdom: keeping indigenous stories alive
  • Amazon tribe attacks oilfield in Ecuador
  • Top 10 Environmental Stories of 2014
  • Indigenous leader murdered before he could attend Climate Summit
  • Giant stone face unveiled in the Amazon rainforest (video)
  • Threatened indigenous forests store more than half the Amazon's carbon
  • What we can learn from uncontacted rainforest tribes
  • A tale of 2 Perus: Climate Summit host, 57 murdered environmentalists
  • An impossible balancing act? Forests benefit from isolation, but at cost to local communities
  • Turning point for Peru's forests? Norway and Germany put muscle and money behind ambitious agree...
  • Amazon River

  • Amazon Headwaters Under Siege: 19 dams slated for Napo watershed
  • It can be done! – Building better dams in the Andean Amazon
  • 151 dams could be catastrophic to Amazon ecological connectivity
  • Proposed Andean headwater dams an ecological calamity for Amazon Basin
  • Giant Amazonian catfish threatened by dams
  • 9 months after Amazonian oil pipeline spill, effects and fears linger
  • Groups call on world leaders to stop incentives for big dams
  • Brazilian tribes demarcate territory in bid to block dams
  • Brazil cancels Tapajos dam auction due to indigenous concerns
  • Brazil's planned Tapajós dams would increase Amazon deforestation by 1M ha
  • Peruvian oil spill sparks concern in indigenous rainforest community
  • Oil drilling causes widespread contamination in the Amazon rainforest
  • Uncovering the impact of big banks on the Amazon
  • New dolphin discovered in the Amazon surprises scientists
  • Rainforest news review for 2013
  • Gold mine near controversial Belo Monte dam suspended
  • Belo Monte dam suspended
  • Judge halts construction of Amazon dam on Brazil's Teles Pires river
  • Indigenous peoples resume occupation of Brazil's Belo Monte dam site
  • Forgotten species: the arapaima or 'dinosaur fish'
  • Amazon Watch News

  • The Amazon Oil Spills Overlooked by Environmental Leaders in Lima
  • People Power for Climate Justice!
  • Epic Chevron Battle Lands in Canadian Court
  • Amazonian Tribe Take Initiative to Protect Their Lands from Dam Project
  • Belo Monte, Brazil: The Tribes Living in the Shadow of a Megadam
  • Murder in the Rainforest
  • Indigenous Voices: A Call to Keep the Oil in the Ground
  • Thousands of Marchers Demand Just Solution at UN Climate Talks in Lima
  • Thousands in Lima March for Climate Justice!
  • Chevron Maneuvering to Block Ecuadorian Villagers from Enforcing $9.5 Billion Judgment in Canadian C...
  • COP20 Lima: Amazon Watch on Democracy Now!
  • Fracking, REDD, Lima Climate Talks...All Slammed at Nature Rights Tribunal
  • ¡Amazonía Viva! Art and Action at COP20
  • Ecuador Indigenous Leader Found Dead Days Before Planned Lima Protest
  • Ecuador's Crackdown on Critics on Full Display as COP20 Climate Conference Begins
  • Indigenous Perspectives on Climate Change Revealed in Massive Art Action at COP20
  • ¡Amazonia Viva! Amazon Watch at COP20
  • After Years of Decline, Deforestation in the Amazon Might Be on the Rise Again
  • Indigenous Peoples to Create Giant Human Banner Artwork at COP20 Calling for Territorial Rights to S...
  • Amazon Indigenous Land Loss Threatens Climate, Says Study
  • Amazon Watch Video

  • Les vidéos de Chevron
  • Donny Rico Episode #5: Be The Victim
  • The Chevron Tapes: 30 years and still waiting for justice
  • Los videos de Chevron
  • The Chevron Tapes: Oil Giant's Corruption & Toxic Pollution Exposed in the Amazon Rainforest
  • John Watson is NOT a "Distinguished Global Citizen"
  • Amazon Watch at RYOT
  • Human Banner at COP20 in Lima
  • Free Tapajos
  • Donny Rico Episode #4: T'anks Judge!
  • Save Yasuni message from Oscar winner Jared Leto.
  • Leonardo DiCaprio joins the People's Climate March NYC
  • Mark Ruffalo joins Amazon Watch at indigenous sunrise ceremony NYC
  • Esperanza Martinez at This Changes Everything talk with Naomi Klein
  • Donny Rico Episode #3: Legal Tender (Chevron legal "thuggery" against Ecuadorians)
  • Thank you from Aura Tegria
  • Donny Rico Episode #2: Who's Bribin' Who? (in Chevron's "case" against Ecuador...
  • Rainforest Action Network

  • Obama Administration Rewards Malaysia with Improved Human Trafficking Status One Day After Wall Stre...
  • Joint NGO Statement: Modern Day Slavery Found on RSPO Member Felda Global Venture’s Plantations
  • Bank of America’s Coal Policy: A Bold Challenge to U.S. Banks on Climate
  • From the Field: Online Petitions and Indigenous Resistance
  • Aceh’s lowland forests: Going, Going, Gone?
  • Coal Finance Case Study: Putting Communities and a World Heritage Site at Risk for a New Power Plant
  • Ralph Lauren: Words vs. Reality
  • Systems Change, Rainforests, and Racism
  • Conflict Palm Oil Demonstration at Nissin Foods US Headquarters
  • San Francisco Protest Urges Ralph Lauren to Act for Forests and Human Rights
  • Maruchan Responds To Pressure In An Instant: But Its New Palm Oil Commitment Falls Short
  • Fresh Protest Brings Deforestation, Human Rights Concerns to Ralph Lauren Store
  • Conflict Palm Oil In An Instant: Activists Call On Instant Noodle Giant to Clean Up Its Supply Chain
  • Over 670,000 call on Ex-Im Bank to reject controversial Australian coal project
  • Conflict Palm Oil Progress Report: Major Snack Food Brands Continue to Lag Behind Corporate Peers on...
  • Photo Blog: Journey to the Incense Forests
  • Inside Look: RAN Protest at CFDA Awards
  • APRIL has stopped the bulldozers: Indonesia’s second biggest pulp and paper company makes a ma...
  • Indonesian Logging Giant APRIL Releases Major New Sustainability Commitments
  • What's the story behind that Trader Joe's palm oil?
  • The Prince's Rainforests Project

  • Agricultural private sector meeting at the Royal Society to present the outcomes of regional workshops
  • Private sector proposes alternatives to agricultural expansion into forests
  • Agreement on rainforest financing – An emergency package is created!
  • HRH The Prince of Wales Addresses Oslo Climate and Forest Conference
  • International Conference on the Major Forest Basins
  • Forest outcomes from Copenhagen
  • The Prince of Wales addresses the Copenhagen Climate Conference
  • The Prince of Wales hails a significant step forward in finding a solution to deforestation
  • Second Life Rainforest Concert
  • Frogs go out on the town!

  • "Those who refused to sell found themselves encircled by an encroaching wasteland, as whining chain saws and raging fires consumed the trees right up to the edge of their land. Their yards were overrun with vipers, bees, and rodents escaping the apocalypse, and when tractors began spraying the cleared fields, toxic clouds of pesticides drifted into their homes..."

    Last of the Amazon
    During the past 40 years, close to 20 percent of the Amazon rain forest has been cut down—more than in all the previous 450 years since European colonization began. Scientists fear that an additional 20 percent of the trees will be lost over the next two decades. If that happens, the forest's ecology will begin to unravel.

    Human Pressure on the Brazilian Amazon Forests--KML 

    How many tree species are there in the Amazon
    and how many of them will go extinct?
    The Amazon Basin has about 50,000 described vascular plant species of which approximately half are woody. Of these, approximately half are trees. This yields an estimate of 12,500 tree species in the entire Amazon Basin. Under the non-optimistic deforestation scenario 3,656 tree species (32.6%) are predicted to go extinct...But even under the optimistic deforestation scenario, 2,228 tree species (19.9%) are predicted to go extinct.

    Brazil's National Institute of Amazonian Research suggests that the felling is both drying up the entire forest and helping to cause the hurricanes that have been battering the United States and the Caribbean. The hot, wet Amazon normally evaporates vast amounts of water, which rise high into the air as if in an invisible chimney. This draws in the wet north-East trade winds, which have picked up moisture from the Atlantic. This in turn controls the temperature of the ocean; as the trade winds pick up the moisture, the warm water that is left gets saltier and sinks.

    Deforestation disrupts the cycle by weakening the Amazonian evaporation which drives the whole process. One result is that the hot water in the Atlantic stays on the surface and fuels the hurricanes. Another is that less moisture arrives on the trade winds, intensifying drought in the forest. "We believe there is a vicious cycle" says Dr. Antonio Nobre.

    So far about a fifth of the Amazonian rainforest has been razed completely. Another 22 per cent has been harmed by logging, allowing the sun to penetrate to the forest floor drying it out. And if you add these two figures together, the total is growing perilously close to 50 per cent, which computer models predict as the "tipping point" that marks the death of the Amazon.Dying Forest

    Zero Deforestation is a Climate Imperative